Pachyonychia Congenita: Clinical Features and Future Treatments [Published online in advanced , by J-STAGE]

[Advanced Published online The Keio Journal of Medicine, by J-STAGE]
<Title:> Pachyonychia Congenita: Clinical Features and Future Treatments
<Author(s):> Rebecca L. Mccarthy, Marianne De brito, Edel O’toole
<Corresponding author E-Mill:> r.mccarthy(at)
<Abstract:> Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a rare, autosomal dominant inherited disorder of keratinization that is characterized by a triad of focal palmoplantar keratoderma, plantar pain, and hypertrophic nail dystrophy. It can be debilitating, causing significantly impaired mobility. PC is diagnosed clinically alongside identification of a heterozygous pathogenic mutation in one of five keratin genes: KRT6A, KRT6B, KRT6C, KRT16, or KRT17. Each keratin gene mutation is associated with a distinct clinical phenotype, with variable age of onset and additional features, which has allowed classification by genotype. Additional features include pilosebaceous cysts, follicular hyperkeratosis, natal teeth, oral leukokeratosis, hidradenitis suppurativa, itching, and neurovascular structures. Although classed as rare, the prevalence of PC is likely to be underestimated. There is no cure or specific treatment for PC at present. Current treatments are limited to conservative measures to reduce plantar friction and trauma, mechanical debridement, topical treatments, and treatments for associated features or complications, most commonly infection. However, through active research in collaboration with PC Project, a patient-advocacy group, and the International PC Research Registry, a global registry of PC patients, there are now many new potential therapeutic options on the horizon. This review summarizes the clinical features associated with PC and highlights the current and future treatment of its manifestations.
<Keywords:> pachyonychia congenita, palmoplantar keratoderma, genodermatosis, jadassohn lewandowsky syndrome, jackson lawler syndrome

  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加